Commercial Floor RugsIndustrial floor coverings
Etymologie und Verwendung
Rug is a floor cover made of textiles that consists of a typical top floral coating fixed to a support. Historically, the nap was made of woollen, but since the twentieth centuries it has often been possible to use synthetics such as propylene, polyamide or polyesters, which are cheaper than woollen.
As a rule, the nap is made up of turned clusters that are usually heat-treated to preserve their texture. Although the word'carpet' can be used to refer to a floor cover encompassing an entire building, the word'carpet' is often used in an interchangeable manner with the word'carpet', whereas a'carpet' is usually no larger than a room and does not extend from one side of the building to the other, and is usually not even installed as part of the floor.
Rugs are used for a wide range of applications, such as isolating a person's foot from a cool tiled or cement floor, making a room convenient for sitting on the floor (e.g. when playful with a child or as a praying rug), noise reduction (especially in multi-family homes), and decorating or colouring a room.
By using different coloured fibres, rugs can be made in any colours. Rugs can have many different kinds of designs and designs that are used to embellish the finish. During the 2000' carpet was used in industry and commerce such as retailing and hotel businesses as well as in households. During the 2010s, a wide selection of rugs is available in many grades of prices and qualities, from cheap man-made rugs mass-produced in factory and commercial premises to expensive hand-knotted woollen rugs used in the home of affluent people.
Rugs can be made on a weave that is very similar to the weave, from needled felt hand-knotted (in Eastern carpets), with its nap injection moulded into a carrier textile (called tufting), flat weaved, made by interlocking woollen or printed woollen or printed woollen or printed woollen through the mesh of a robust weave. Rugs are usually manufactured in 12 foot (3.7 m) and 15 foot (4.6 m) wide in the USA and 4 and 5 foot in Europe.
As of the twentieth centuries, where it is required for carpeting, different sizes of carpeting can be stitched together with a folded sheet and a strip of stitching (it used to be stitched together) and fastened with pins, yeast tapes (known in Britain as grab poles), glues or sometimes ornamental metallic poles on a floor over a padded base.
Walls to walls are different from rugs or blankets, which are loosely placed flooring, because the walls to walls are attached to the floor and cover a much greater area. Often the word "carpet" is used in an interchangeable way with the word "carpet". A number of springs have defined a carpeting as stretched from side to side. Another definiton deals with lower grade or smaller sized rugs, where rugs often have ends.
The third current standard is that a carpeting is permanent while a carpeting is just placed on the floor. From a historical point of view, the word'carpet' was also used to refer to tables and walls, as it was not until the fifteenth century that rugs were used in interior decoration in Europe.
Rug is made on a weave that is very similar to the web. Flor can be soft or Berber. Fluffy carpets are a chopped nap and Berber carpets are a slingpole. New types of carpets are available that combine the two types known as cut-and-loop carpets. Many coloured threads are normally used and this technique is able to produce complicated samples from given samples (although some restrictions exist for certain weave techniques regarding the precision of the sample within the carpet).
Due to the relatively sluggish production rate, these rugs are usually the most costly. The rugs are more technically progressive. Felting is made by mixing and folding single fibres of synthetics with spikes and forks to form an ultra long lasting rug. Usually these rugs are found in commercial environments such as busy hotel and restaurant areas.
This is a carpet, the nap of which is sprayed into a carrier which is then itself connected to a back made of a fabric from Hessen or an artificial substitute for stabilisation. Often the nap is clipped to obtain different finishes. It is the world's most widely used production process for house carpeting for floor coverings.
Flat fabric carpeting is produced by intermeshing warm and cold wefts (vertical and horizontal). Species of flat top quality fabrics from the Orient range comprise kelim, soutumak, plain and gobelin weaves. Species of ribbed rugs in Europe includes Venice, Dutch, Damascus, Liste, Frisur and Tendrils (also known as Doppeltuch, zweilagig, dreifach or triple-layer). In contrast to weaved rugs, embroidered rugs are not made on a weaving loom.
Emboidered rugs were traditional made by kingly and noble wives in their homes, but there were some commercial manufactories since the introduction of stainless pins (earlier pins were made from bone) and improvements in flax making in the sixteenth centuries. As a rule, grapevines and local plants (e.g. the Bradford carpet) were scrolled in the sixteenth centuries.
Viktorian stitched rug designs contain high-illusionist, three-dimensional floral motifs. Designs for tile rugs from several quadrants, the so-called Berliner Wollarbeit, were launched in Germany in 1804 and became very fashionable in England in the 1830s. Stitched rugs can also contain other characteristics such as a design of forms, or they can even tell a tale.
Ever since the twentieth millennium, one of the most commonly used building methods for rugs has been the use of mats. Because of the outstanding abrasion strength of polyamide, it is often used in commercial and commercial carpeted floors. Because of the dyeing spots on the fibres, it is easy for stains to appear on rugs. The dyeing areas must be completed to give the rug any kind of spotfastness.
Polymypropylene, a more rigid type of polymer than the less costly type of ethylene, is used to make rug yarn because it is still less costly than the other types of material used for rugs. Polymypropylene, sometimes just called " OLINF ", is often used for the production of Barber mats. As a rule, large scale mountain rugs made of olefins are only suitable for easy household use and have a tendency to mattify quickly.
Barber rugs with smaller straps are generally more resistant and maintain their new look longer than large area barber rugs. Commercially available flat strap rugs have very small straps, and commercially available post cuts can be well-designed. Manufactured from Polypropylen, commercial models carry themselves very well and are therefore particularly suited for areas with high public transport such as office.
It is known that PP rugs have good spot durability, but not against oil-based products. Commercially available rugs can be bonded directly to the floor or laid over 1/4" thick 8 pound upholstery. As a rule, grassy rugs for the outdoors are made of propylene. Mixed yarn of wools is often used in the manufacture of contemporary rugs, the most frequent mixture being 80% wools and 20% artificial fibres, which results in the expression "80/20".
Known as'PET' (polyethylene terephthalate), it is used in both spinning and filtration applications in the manufacture of mats. In the early 2000s, after rising prices for many kinds of rugs, the prices of polyesters became more costly. Earlier the acrylics could be lint or "pilled" slightly. Acryl is quite hard to colour, but true to colour, easy to wash, feels and looks like sheep's-beard, which makes it a good carpeting. Polish Myszkowski flagged rugs, Recently the popularity of Afghanistan's rugs has risen sharply, although many Afghanistan's producers are marketing their rugs under the name of another name.
20 ] The rugs are made in Afghanistan, as well as by Afghans who live in Pakistan and Iran. The Shindand or Adraskan (named after indigenous Afghanistan villages), which are made in the area of Herat in the west of Afghanistan, belong to the famed Afghanistan rugs. Afghans rugs are generally known as Afghans rugs. Afghanistan rugs are a handcrafted fabric from Afghanistan, a handcrafted fabric that is uniquely recognised.
Handmade carpets come in many designs and colours, but the octagonal Bukhara is the most popular and ancient example of Afghanistan's rug. Carpets with this printing are most often dyed reddish. A number of rug loom utensils dating back to the 4th to 3rd millennia BC were found during archaeological digs at Gultapin.
Iranica Online says, "The major web site in the Transcaucasus east of the mountain range that cuts the area in half obliquely was the area now included in the Azerbaijani SSR; it is home to a Turkish people now known as Azerbaijan. Also, other ethnical groups weave, some of them in other parts of the Caucasus, but they were of minor importance.
" One of the most important centres of rug making was Azerbaijan, and as a consequence several different types of education have developed. Whereas the traditional division of the educational system is into four major sections, each area has its own different rug design. Kuba-Shirvan, Ganja-Kazakh Rug Loom Institute, Baku Rug Institute, Karabakh Rug Loom Institute.
In contrast to most ancient carpet manufacturers, China rugs were almost entirely produced for their own use. There is a long tradition in China of importing goods from tradition, but it was not until the first half of the nineteenth centuries that the people of China began to import their rugs. China began to manufacture decorative rugs with a commercial look and pricing.
Whereas most ancient rugs are classed by a particular area or manufacture, scientists trace the origin of the aging of a particular piece of carpet to the reigning Kaiser of that period. Some of the oldest preserved specimens of the handicraft were made during the reign of Ch'ung Chen, the last empress of the Chen dynasty.
It is possible that rug making was already imported into the area in the 11th centuries with the arrival of the first Moslem conquistadors, the Gaznavids and the Ghauris, from the West. The rugs weaved in the Punjab used motives and decoration style of Mogul arquitecture. As a Mughal empress, Akbar is credited with establishing the arts of rug-making in India during his rule.
All the Mughal Empresses supported the Persian rugs for their kingly courtyards and mansions. At first, the wooven rugs showed the classical Persian weave technique. As a result, the rugs manufactured became characteristic of the country's origins, and the industrial sector began to become diversified and widespread throughout the sub-continent. In the Mughal era, rugs made on the sub-continent of India became so popular that the market for them expanded abroad.
The rugs had an unmistakable design and a high knot tightness. Rugs made for the Mogul Kaisers, such as Jahangir and Shah Jahan, were of the highest qualit. With Shah Jahan, the Mughal Teppichweberei adopted a new aesthetics and began its classic age. India rugs are known for their design with great love of detail and the display of realism.
India's rug manufacturing boomed more in the north with large centers in Kashmir, Jaipur, Agra and Bhadohi. A further class of carpets from India, which are very much loved in most occidental lands but have hardly gotten much coverage by the media, are hand-woven carpets from Khairabad (Citapore carpets). From Khairabad and adjacent areas, Citapore carpets are all hand-woven and differ from rugs that have been either piled or airwaved.
Shallow fabric is the fundamental loom technology of Citapore-carpets and in general the most important loom fabric here is wool, but even lute, viscose and ice cream are used. The IKEA and Agocha were important purchasers of carpets from this area. In South Asia, loom arts evolved at a period when few other civilisations used them.
Digs in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro old towns of the Indus Valley Civilisation have shown that the residents used cops and spin a multitude of webs. A number of historical experts believe that the Indus Valley civilisation first began using textile fabrics. At the end of the 90s, hand-knotted rugs were among Pakistan's top exports and their production is the second biggest smelter and small scale industrial sector.
Pakiq artisans have the capability to make any kind of rug using all common patterns of seagulls, Medaillons, paisleys, custom-made and geometrical design in various combination. In Sangla Hill, a small city in the district of Sheikhupura, the production of rugs was started at the moment of independency. Today Sangla Hill is a major focus of the Pakistan i textile industry.
Nordic rugs are among the most beloved of all types of weaving in today's fashion. Prefered by powerful philosophers, planners and proponents of new aesthetics in the mid-twentieth centuries, Nordic rugs have become widely used in many different areas of present-day interiors. Whether handwoven or plain weaved, Turkic rugs (also known as Anatolia) are among the most famous and widely recognized handmade works of fine arts in the entire globe.
Turks; nomads or shepherds, farmers or city residents who live in marquees or magnificent homes in large towns have sheltered themselves from the extreme effects of winter temperatures by coating the floor and sometimes the wall and door with carpet. Rugs are always handmade from wools or sometimes even cottons, with occasionally added silks.
This carpet is a barrier against the coldness. Türkish rugs and kelims are also often used as tents, cereal sacks, panniers, floor pillows, stove cases, stove cases, duvet and pillow cases, sheets, drapes, dining rugs, tablecloths, rugs and for festive events. Famous represented in Renaissance Europe painting, from that time until recent periods nice rugs from Anatolia were often used to indicate the high economical and societal standing of the owners.
Even though occasional cases of rug manufacturing occurred before the Moslem Invasion of Spain, the Hispano-Moresque example is the oldest significant stock of rugs produced in Europe. Today, the oldest preserved rug in Spain, the so-called synagogue rug in the Museum für Islamische Kunst, Berlin, is a one-of-a-kind surviving rug from the fourteenth centuries. Hispano Moresque rugs, the oldest group of Hispano Moresque rugs, the admirals' rugs (also known as weapon rugs), have a continuous geometrical, repetitive design interrupted by blue zones of fine Spaniards' noble Christendom family.
A lot of fifteenth centuries rugs in Spain are strongly based on patterns from the Anatolian Peninsula. After the reconquest of Spain and the displacement of the Moslem people in the fifteenth centuries, rug manufacturing resumed. Renaissance rug in Spain from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries is a further development of fabric designed from satin. The word pirotski [a] (Serbian: ???????? ?????, pirotski ?ilim) means a wide range of rugs or rugs manufactured in the traditional way in pirots, a city in the southeast of Serbia.
Pirot's rug mill goes back to the Middle Ages. Pirot carpets can also be found in Bulgaria and Turkey as well as in many other foreign collection countries. "Pirot rug, the best rug in the county, is about ten Schillings per sq. meter. Carpets are designed to be beautiful, and without being as weighty as Persians, or so tattered and sparse in the net and what for as Karamanic, they will carry forever.
Pirot gave the old Turkic meaning ?arköy, the old brand name of the carpets is ?arköy-kilims. Later, they were also manufactured in Knja?evac and Caribrod. Chiprovtsi rug (???????? ?????) is a kind of hand-made rug with two completely different sides, part of the Armenian cultural inheritance, tradition and craftsmanship.
Carpeting plays a pivotal part in the resurrection of Chiprovtsi in the 1720s after the destruction of the unsuccessful Chiprovtsi uprising against Ottoman domination in 1688. In 1836-1838 the west traveler visiting Chiprovtsi, Mr. Boué, said that "especially young women weave carpets under a shelter or in hallways.
Until 1868, the Chiprovtsi plant had an average of 14,000 m² of rugs produced annually. In 1896 almost 1,400 Chiprovtsi and regional females were employed in rug-making. In the city, the carpeting (kilim) sector continues to dominate. 47 ] Rugs were made according to tradition, but in recent years it is up to the customer to determine the design of the ordered rug.
Producing a 3 x 4 meter (9. 8 x 13. 1 ft) individual rug will take about 50 workingdays; mainly female rug weavers are involved. Locally produced rugs have been awarded at London, Paris, Liège and Brussels shows. However, in recent years Chiprovtsi's rug manufacturing sector has been in recession as a result of the loss of its strong overseas market.
1608 Henry IV, under the leadership of Pierre DuPont, launched the manufacture of rugs in the "Turkish style" in France. Savonnerie' s oldest and best known group, then under the leadership of Simon Lourdet, were the rugs made in the early years of Louis XIV' rule. Savonnerie' s most popular rugs are the Grande Galerie and the Galerie d'Apollon in the Palais du Louvre between 1665-1685.
The knotting rug weave technique probably came to England at the beginning of the sixteenth century, when Flemish Kalvinists fled religion due to being persecuted. Since many of these looms established themselves in Norwich in south-east England, the existing rugs of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries are sometimes called " Norwich rugs ". The collection includes preserved and preserved samples of rugs from three factories of the eighteenth century:
Exceter (1756-1761, in the possession of Claude Passavant, 3 existing carpets), Moorfields (1752-1806, in the possession of Thomas Moore, 5 existing carpets) and Axminster (1755-1835, in the possession of Thomas Whitty, many existing carpets). Moorfields and Excel were both occupied with breakaway looms from the Savonnerie in France and therefore use the weave structures of this plant and Perrot-inspired design.
Neo-classical draughtsman Robert Adam designed Moorfields and Axminster rugs on the basis of floor and ceiling tiles. Several of the most famous rugs of his style have been made for Syon House, Osterley House, Harewood House, Saltram House and Newby Hall. There are three major kinds of rugs in use at Oxminster Rugs (machine-woven, mechanically-weaved, air-dried and hand-knotted).
Mechanically engineered rugs are an 20 or 30 year long capital expenditure and Axminster and Wilton rugs are still very much in demand in areas where durability and styling versatility are a big part of the buying choice. Accommodation and recreation almost always opt for these styles and many households use Axminster weave as designs.
Mechanically weaved rugs such as Axminster and Wilton are made from solid wlooms composed of rug thread and back. Completed results, which can be elaborately sampled, create a floor that offers the highest level of luxurious finish with high throughput. Tufting rugs are also loved in the household. Rugs with tufts can be twistblock, silk or loops.
Yarn rugs are created when one or more fibers are tufted so that they appear to be connected in the final rug. As a rule, the pile rugs have a short nap and a narrower structure, which gives the final product a sleek, silky look. Pole loop rugs are known for their durability and give rugs a good feel.
Carpets from distant lands, handwoven square and rug, the tradition of the region's carpets, uses the knowledge of the craftsmen to create works of the highest possible standard. Conventional carpets often have a wilful "mistake" in the weaver's name to ensure their genuineness. This was the first loom on which a mechanical loop rug could be weaved, which consisted of loop lines created by wire weavings and then pulled back.
Bruxelles was the first kind of rug to be weaved in a Loom that included the Java Select Mode, and in 1849 the Biglow in the USA supplied the Weaver' s Loom with electricity. Later, when the scoop wire was invented, the pole straps were separated after the scoop wire was removed to make a rug known as the Wilton Weaver' s Mill, and after this evolution the weaving mill became known as the Wilton Weaver' Mill, and in today's use the term Wilton is used to refer to both sliced and looped rugs made in this weaving mill.
Today, the latter is often referred to as the Brussels Wilton, the Round Wilton, the Wilton stacked loops and the Round Wilton Java. Manufacturing techniques, as well as the design principle, preparation process and weave, are in many ways the same for the Brussels and Wilton quality. Their main distinction is that the Brussels loops have a satisfactory level of security by inserting two wefts into each piece of twine (2 wefts), whereas the Wilton cuts are more often done with three wefts per piece of twine (3 wefts) to make sure that the bunches are securely anchored to the back of the rug.
Bruxelles rugs have a flat, slightly grooved finish and their pattern is well demarcated, a distinctive property of the rug. The proximity of the flores instead of the altitude adds to their clean look and durable characteristics, although they do not emulate the luxuries of trimmed rugs. Bruxelles Wilton cartridges were originally manufactured on 27-inch (3/4) weaving looms and stitched together by hand-stitching.
Up to 5 different coloured frame widths can be accommodated so that figure or sample rugs can be made. Legal and very clever colouring of the frame allowed the number of colors to be raised to about twenty, allowing the production of very complicated design.
Because of the extra labor cost, these rugs were usually only made for the custom built use. Rugs are usually manufactured in 12 foot (3.7 m) and 15 foot (4.6 m) wide in the USA and 4 and 5 foot in Europe. If required, different sizes can be stitched together with a folded sheet and strip (formerly it was stitched together) and fastened with pins, adhesive tapes (known in the UK as grab poles), glues or occasional ornamental metallic step poles to a floor over a cushioned base (pad), which distinguishes it from rugs or blankets which are loosely fitted flooring.
"Teppichbindung " is a concept for any kind of fabric that is placed on the rim of a piece of carpeting to make a piece of carpeting. Usually carpets are made of either fabric, e.g. Baumwolle or Nylons, but are also available in many other fabrics like leathers. Unsynthetic bindings are often used in carpets made of natural fibres such as wood shavings, woollen, bamboo etc., but are often used in carpets made of other fabrics.
We have many tales of Wonder Rugs, mythical flight rugs, with which you can bring those on it to their destinations immediately or quickly. Disney's Aladdin shows a magical rug found by Aladdin and Abu in the Cave of Miracles as they tried to find Genie's Lampe. For the first time, the word "[m]agic carpet[is] was testified to.
Beginning in the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries, the word "carpet" was used as an adjective as "...an adjective often associated with a touch of disdain when used by men (as in the Teppichritter, 1570s)", which implied a man associated with "...luxury, women's brothels and salons". Rolling out the carpeted rug is an expressive sign that means welcoming a visitor generously and beautifully.
Occasionally, a real rug is used, on which the VIP and celebrity can take a stroll, e.g. at the Cannes Film Festival and when overseas guests are welcome in a state. Carpets, which refer verbatim to a case made from a single length of rug, are used in several different figural settings.
After the American Civil Wars the concept acquired a widespread use to describe carpet buyers, northerners who went south after the Great Wars, especially during the reconstruction period (1865-1877). Used in the US today, the concept is sometimes used mockingly to denote a political figure running for political office in an area where he or she has no strong communal relations or has only been living for a brief period of being.
Adopted in the United Kingdom to make an informal reference to those who join a reciprocal association, such as a bausparkasse, in order to compel them to demutualise, i.e. transform themselves into a public limited liability entity, for the sole purpose of obtaining individual income. Definitions of the rug. Rug Definitions.
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